Online from: 1948
Subject Area: Mechanical & Materials Engineering
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|Title:||Sliding wear behaviour of a cast iron as affected by test environment and applied load|
|Author(s):||B.K. Prasad, (Regional Research Laboratory (CSIR), Bhopal, India)|
|Citation:||B.K. Prasad, (2009) "Sliding wear behaviour of a cast iron as affected by test environment and applied load", Industrial Lubrication and Tribology, Vol. 61 Iss: 3, pp.161 - 172|
|Keywords:||Friction, Iron, Lubrication, Oils, Wear|
|Article type:||Research paper|
|DOI:||10.1108/00368790910953686 (Permanent URL)|
|Publisher:||Emerald Group Publishing Limited|
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the sliding wear response of a cast iron as influenced by applied load and changing concentration of solid lubricant (graphite) particles in oil lubricant, and operating material removal mechanisms in different sets of experimental conditions.
Design/methodology/approach – The sliding wear response of a grey cast iron has been examined as a function of test environment and load. Properties evaluated were wear rate, friction coefficient and frictional heating. The wear behaviour of the samples has been substantiated through the characteristics of their wear surfaces, subsurface regions and debris particles.
Findings – The wear rate and frictional heating increased with load while friction coefficient was affected in an opposite manner. The presence of oil lubricant led to a substantial improvement in wear response (in terms of decreasing wear rate, friction coefficient and frictional heating) while the presence of graphite particles in the oil lubricant proved to be still better. A critical content of graphite in the oil lubricant becomes most effective towards improving the wear response of the samples. Formation of dark patches on the wear surface, substantial subsurface deformation and fine debris led to improved wear response.
Research limitations/implications – The study enables one to understand the wear behaviour of a cast iron as influenced by the changing concentration of solid lubricant (graphite) particles in the oil lubricant. It also enables one to understand the operating material removal mechanisms responsible for the observed wear characteristics of the samples under varying test conditions. The investigation helps one to see that only a critical concentration of the solid lubricant particles in oil can lead to the best wear performance of materials.
Originality/value – From a practical standpoint, the observations made here gain importance from the fact that solid lubricants are added frequently in oil in engineering applications but it becomes imperative to understand that only a critical concentration can lead to the best wear behaviour of materials.
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